Stretching in Ontario the location of the border between Canada and the United States, Niagara Falls remains a waterfall whose beauty is unmatched by any other naturally formed waterfall created by evidence of the work of the Almighty.

Different from other waterfalls

The waterfall located on the Niagara river crosses the boundary between the city of New York, the United States of America, and the city of Ontario in Canada. Therefore this waterfall can be enjoyed by both citizens of this country, both Canada and the United States. Although including a waterfall that is not too high because the height is only around 50 meters, but Niagara is a very wide waterfall and is famous as a very heavy and very strong waterfall. It can drain 168,000 cubic meters of water per minute, and therefore Niagara Falls is also used as the largest source of electricity generation in the United States.

Niagara Falls is divided into 3 large sections, and each section has its own name, and all three sections of this waterfall are located in different areas but still in one unit of Niagara Falls. The first part of the waterfall is called Horseshoe Falls because its shape is said to be like a horseshoe with a waterfall height of about 57 meters and a width of 790 meters and is located on the Canadian border.


The second part of Niagara Falls is called American Falls, with a height of between 21 to 30 meters and a width of about 320 meters and from all parts of it into the United States, and there is an island called Goat Island in the area. The last part is called Bridal Veil Falls, where this section is also included in the territory of the United States and separated by two other parts of the waterfall by an island called Luna Island.

Beginning of Niagara

It is said that Niagara Falls formed from the decline of glaciers at the end of the first ice age. The name Niagara itself, according to Indian historian Bruce Trigger, is said to have originated from the name of the native population around that place, which is often referred to as the Niagagarega people.

While a different opinion was expressed by George R. Stewart, who said his name was taken from a city called Ongniaahra, which was a city of Indian society from one of his tribes named Iroquois, which he said meant a point where an area of ​​land was divided into two.

Different information was expressed by Henry Schoolcraft in which he stated that the origin of the word Niagara was actually taken from the vocabulary of the language of the Mohawk tribe, which means the neck for the word Niagara. This is based on the land area at the Niagara location, which indeed seems to be shaped like a neck located between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.

There are several stories about the initial discovery of the location of Niagara Falls. There is a story about a French explorer named Samuel de Champlain. Where when he came to Canada in 1604, one of his expedition members reported that he saw an extraordinary waterfall, and then the incident was written down in Samuel’s notes.
There is also a story about a nature lover from Finland named Pher Kalm, where he went on an expedition in the 18th century to the location of Niagara and then tried to write Niagara scientifically.

In 1677 a Belgian missionary named Hennepin with his partner two explorers named Rene Robert Cavelier and Sieur de la Salle. It was these who then spread the story of Niagara Falls to the people of Europe.